Phonics and Reading

Phonics and Reading


The ability to read is fundamental to pupils` development as independent learners and is the most important skills children will learn in their first years at school.

Pupils need to use a range of strategies when they are reading and be able to read with fluency, accuracy, understanding and enjoyment across a range of literary and non fiction texts.

These strategies are depicted in the National Literacy Strategy as a series of searchlights:

  • drawing on knowledge of context and grammatical knowledge;
  • applying phonic knowledge and skills;
  • applying graphic knowledge;
  • developing word recognition.


We use the Read Write Inc programme to teach children how to read and spell words, using the following steps:

  • Letter names,
  • Letter sounds,
  • Blending letters & sounds to make new sounds

Reading development is closely related to that of writing, for it is by reflecting upon and talking about the texts they encounter that pupils come to understand how writers write and the special relationship which exists between author and reader. It is through their critical and imaginative engagement with texts that pupils` reading of fiction, poetry and non-fiction texts enables them to make sense of the world and their place in it.

Throughout school Children are exposed to rich texts from a range of authors and encouraged to develop a love and enjoyment of reading early on.  Once children are able to decode words they also start to read using a core sight vocabulary. Children read books from a mixture of published schemes (Oxford Reading Tree, Bug Club, Rigby Star etc.) and “real books”.  Children are always encouraged to read for meaning and to understand what they have read placing emphasis on the use of searching questions and inferential connections. Above all we aim to foster a love of reading and exploration of books for life.