This is a guide to commonly used acronyms and abbreviations found in education.

ACAS Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service
ACE Advisory Centre for Education
ADD Attention Deficit Disorder
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
AEN Additional Educational Needs
AfA Achievement for All
AFL Assessment for Learning
AOT Adults other than Teachers
APP Assessing Pupil Progress
APS Average Points Score
AQA Assessment & Qualification Alliance
ARA Assessment and Reporting Arrangements
ARE Age related expectations
ASD Autistic Spectrum Disorder
AST Advanced Skills Teacher
AWPU Age-Weighted Pupil Unit. The sum of money allocated to the school for each pupil according to age. This is the basic unit of funding for the school.

BESD Behavioural, Emotional and Social Difficulties

BEST Behaviour Education Support Team

CAF Common Assessment Framework
CATS Cognitive Ability Tests

CC Children’s Centre

CLA Children Looked After
CLL Communication Language and Literacy
CME Children Missing from Education
Cohort Body of pupils entering a school in any one year Connexions Service Provides advice for 14-19 year olds on job opportunities (replaced careers service.)
CPD Continuing Professional Development
CPLT Child Protection Liaison Teacher
CRB Criminal Records Bureau

CYPF Children, Young People and Families
CYPS Children and Young People’s Service CYPP Children and Young People’s Plan

DCSF Department for Children Schools and Families (predecessor of the DfE)
DDA Disability Discrimination Act 1995
DfE Department for Education

Differentiation The organisation of teaching programmes and methods specifically to suit the age, ability and aptitudes of individual children.
Directed time Time when a teacher must be available to carry out duties, including attending staff and parent meetings, under the direction of the Headteacher. Maximum of 1265 hours in a school year.

Disapplication A term used where National Curriculum requirements may not apply to a pupil.
DSG Dedicated Schools Grant

EBD Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties
ECaR Every Child a Reader
ECaT Every Child a Talker
ECaW Every Child a Writer
ECC Every Child Counts
ECM Every Child Matters
EDP Education Development Plan, which LAs are required to prepare
EFA Education Funding Agency (replacing YPLA)
EMA Education Maintenance Allowance

EMS Education Management System
EP Educational Psychologist
ESCO Extended Schools Co-ordinator
ESO Education Supervision Order, which LAs may apply for to deal with cases of poor attendance at school.
ETS Excellent Teachers Scheme
EWO Education Welfare Officer. A professional worker who visits pupils’ homes and deals with attendance problems and other welfare matters in co-operation with the school.
Ex Officio Governor A governor by virtue of holding a particular office.
Exclusion The temporary or permanent banning of a pupil from school.
EYDCP Early Years Development and Childcare Plan
EYECS Early Years Education and Childcare Service
EYFS Early Years Foundation Stage
EYFSP Early Years Foundation Stage Profile
FOI Freedom of Information
FoS Family of Schools
FS Foundation Stage
FSA Food Standards Agency
FSM Free School Meals
FTE Full Time Equivalent
G&T Gifted and Talented

HMCI Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Schools HMI Her Majesty’s Inspector

HR Human Resources (Personnel)
HSE Health and Safety Executive
IAG Information, Advice and Guidance
IAN Indicated Admission Number
ICT Information and Communication Technology IDACI Income

IEP Individual Education Plan
IiP Investors in People
ILS Inclusion and Learning Service
INSET In-Service Education and Training courses for practicing teachers.
Instrument of Government A legal document setting out the composition of governing bodies.
ISA Independent Safeguarding Authority
ISP Improving Schools Programme (formerly Intensifying Support Programme)
ISP Inspection Service Provider (OFSTED)
ISR Individual School Range – categorisation of a school according to size and type used in calculating the salary level of a


IT Information Technology
ITT Initial Teacher Training
KPI Key Performance Indicator
KS1- 4 Key Stages – the four stages of the National Curriculum: KS1 for pupils aged 5-7; KS2 for 7-11; KS3 for 11-14
and KS4 for 14-16.
LA Local Authority
LAAC Looked After and Adopted Children
LAAP Local Authority Associated Person
LAC Looked After Children
LDD Learning Difficulties and Disabilities
LI Lead Inspector
MLE Managed Learning Environment
Mixed ability A teaching group in which children of all abilities are taught together.
MLD Moderate Learning Difficulties

NAHT National Association of Headteachers

NC National Curriculum

NGA National Governors’ Association. An organisation, which provides a national voice for Governors and is based on local associations of Governing Bodies.
NOR Number on Roll
NQT Newly Qualified Teacher
NUT National Union of Teachers

OFSTED Office for Standards in Education. The body, which arranges and sets standards for school inspections.
OOSH Out of School Hours
OOSHL Out of School Hours Learning
PAN Planned Admissions Number formerly PAL (Planned Admissions Limit). The number of children the LA (or governing body of an Aided School) determines can be admitted to the school. It can be above the Standard Number but may not be below it. Used as basis for determining admission appeals. P4C Philosophy for Children

Partnership Governor For Foundation schools and Foundation Special schools, a person nominated in accordance with the Regulations where the Instrument of Government so requires. PAT Professional Association of Teachers

PDM Professional Development Meeting (formerly staff meeting) PEP Personal Education Plan
Performance Threshold National standard for teachers performance, which determines pay progression

Peripatetic teacher One who teaches in a number of schools, to give specialist instruction, e.g. in music.
PESS Physical Education and School Sport

PGR Parent Governor Representative elected to serve on a local authority committee to report parents’ views.
PI Performance Indicators
PLASC Pupil Level Annual School Census
PNS Primary National Strategy
PoCA Protection of Children Act
PPA Planning Preparation and Assessment
PPR Pupil Progress Review
PPU Policy & Performance Unit
PRP Performance Related Pay
PRU Pupil Referral Unit
PSA Parent Support Adviser
PSCHE Personal, Social, Citizenship and Health Education PSHE Personal, Social and Health Education
PSP Pastoral Support Plan

Pupil Profile This forms part of the pupil’s Record of Achievement.

QT Qualified Teacher
QTS Qualified Teacher Status
Quorum The minimum number of members at a meeting before decisions can be made.

RAISEonline Reporting and Analysis for Improvement through School Self-Evaluation
RAP Raising Attainment Plan
Resolution A formal decision, which has been proposed, seconded and agreed, not necessarily by a vote, at a meeting. RI/RgI Registered Inspector

ROA Record of Achievement
RPA Raising the Participation Age
RQT Recently Qualified Teacher
SACRE Standing Advisory Council on Religious Education. Local statutory body that advises on religious education and collective worship.
SATS Standard Assessment Tests
SA School Action School based action to support children with Special Educational Needs
SA+ School Action Plus School Action with further support from outside agencies
SDG Schools Development Grants
SEAD Social and Emotional Aspects of Development
SEAL Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning
SEBD Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties
SEF Self Evaluation Form

SEN Special Educational Needs. May include children with physical disabilities or emotional and behavioural difficulties SENCO SEN Co-ordinator. The teacher responsible for co-ordinating SEN provision in the school.

SEND Special Educational Needs and Disabilities
SFVS Schools’ Financial Value Standard
SIA School Improvement Adviser
SLCN Speech, Language and Communication Needs
SLD Severe Learning Difficulties
SMSC Social, Moral, Spiritual Cultural
Special School A school for children whose special educational needs cannot be met within a mainstream school.
SPR School Performance Review
SRAS Schools requiring additional support
SRE Sex and Relationships Education

SSG Schools Standards Grant
Statementing Formal assessment of Special Educational Needs requiring specific additional resourcing
STA Standards and Testing Agency
STRB School Teachers’ Review Body
Streaming Placing pupils in classes according to their ability. SWiS Support Workers in Schools
TA Teaching Assistant
UPN Unique Pupil Number
VA Voluntary Aided
VC Voluntary Controlled